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Weighting factors are used in linear qualifications, e.g. the new AS/A Levels and GCSEs (first teaching 2015 and 2016).
In linear specifications, each component has a given number of raw marks available. For example, a written paper with ten compulsory questions, each worth five marks, has a maximum mark of 50. We call this the raw mark.
However, the maximum raw marks across components do not always reflect the relative value each component has within the overall specification.
We use weighting factors to ensure that, when a candidate’s marks for each component are added together, the relative values are correctly reflected.
The weighting factor is the maximum weighted mark of a given component divided by the maximum raw mark of the component.
A qualification has three components each marked out of 50:
To grade linear qualifications, we:
For more information about how we calculate the A Level A*, you can read the guide on the following page: